The Impact of Increasing Visitors to Taroko National Park Traffic and Its Improvement Strategies
The completion of the Suhua Highway Improvement Project will lead to a larger amount of traffic and crowds. Therefore, the aims of this study were to identify the traffic bottlenecks by analyzing the trafiic flows on different sections and to provide the countermeasure for the problems followed by traffic congestion. An on-site visitor questionnaire was conducted. The visitors to Taroko National Park were taken as respondents. The Huide Recreation Area on Taiwan Freeway No. 8 and Taroko visitor center, Shakadang, Changchun Shrine, Yanzikou and Tianxiang along Taiwan Freeway No. 9 were included as survey sites. The respondents’ characteristics, tour routes, willingness to visit on the conditions of a new scenic spot or fee charges, and willingness to visit the park and to transfer the shuttle buses after the completion of the Suhua Highway Improvement Project were included in the questionnaire. A total of 413 questionnaires were collected. The peak hours of different scenic spots, the visiting rates on the conditions of fee charges at Shan-Yue Suspension Bridge or Yanzikou, and the traffic behaviors and transfer the shuttle buses after the project were obtained by the survey. The levels of service on different sections and bottlenecks were calculated by the results of tour route analyses, and a suggestion of traffic displacement was finally provided.